THE KIGALI AMENDMENT

Signed in 2016, during a meeting in the capital of Rwanda (hence its name), the Kigali Amendment includes hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) under the Montreal Protocol¹. These are powerful greenhouse gases that need to be controlled and reduced. The amendment will enter into force on 1 January 2019. Among other aspects, it will establish a timetable with specific deadlines and percentages for countries from different economic groups to reduce and ultimately eliminate the use of these so-called fluorinated gases, replacing them with others that do not contribute to global warming.

In the specific case of Brazil, as in other developing countries, the following timetable has been defined – which may be revised every five years if new technologies become available in the market:

2020, 2021 AND 2022: BASE FOR THE FREEZING OF HFC CONSUMPTION IN BRAZIL

2024: FREEZING

2029 TO 2045: HFC REDUCTION COMMITMENT

%

2029

%

2035

%

2040

%

2045

KIGALI PROJECT

To support countries, businesses and communities in relation to the Kigali Amendment, the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program – K-CEP. It is funded by international philanthropic foundations and works to enable us to live in a world where cooling is ecologically sustainable, is energy efficient and accessible to all. With these objectives, the program supports institutions, public policies and technological capacity, as well as leveraging funding for these initiatives in several countries. Brazil participates in this program with the Kigali Project with the  Institute for Climate and Society Institute (iCS)  as the implementing agency.

LINES OF ACTION

The Kigali Project has its structure comprised of four components:

  1. To support the planning of the electricity sector to include energy efficient measures for the air conditioning sector and to relate efficiency with the plan for the reduction of the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in air-conditioning equipment.
  2. To act so that the minimum levels of energy efficiency adopted for air conditioners in Brazil, the Brazilian Labeling Program and the Procel Seal, are revised to get closer to international best practices. In this regard, the project includes the development of studies and diagnostics in the market and the evaluation of the impact of the proposed changes in relation to manufacturers, consumers and greenhouse gas emissions. These studies are carried out in partnership with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and are monitored by an advisory committee with the participation of representatives from Inmetro, Procel, the Energy Research Office (EPE) and Cepel.
  3. To contribute to the technological updating and, therefore, to improve the energy efficiency of the sector of compressors in Brazil. For this, the project participates in the elaboration of a national diagnosis of the compressor market and a study of the technical and economic feasibility for the production of more efficient equipment, as well as identifying investors who are potentially interested in participating in this market. CLASP is our technical partner in this study.
  4. To contribute to overcome the barriers of energy efficiency in the air conditioning sector. For this, the project provides support for the structuring of test laboratories and also for mechanisms that stimulate the consumer to seek more efficient products and to influence the market.

EXECUTIVE GROUP

Ruy de Goes Leite de Barros

Senior Advisor

Roberto Kishinami

General coordinator of the project at iCS

Kamyla Borges Cunha

Coordinator of Kigali Project activities

Prof. Dra. Suely Carvalho

Senior Advisor

Luiza Souza

International relations

TECHNICAL ADVISORS

Prof. Dr. Roberto Lamberts

Prof. Dr. Gilberto de Martino Jannuzzi

EXECUTION

SUPPORT

PARTNERS